Neuroprotective Effects of Delta-9-Tetrahydrocannabinol in a Marmoset Parkinson Model
Sanneke A. van Vliet*, 1, 2, Raymond A. Vanwersch1, Marjan J. Jongsma1, Jan van der Gugten2, Berend Olivier 2, 3, Ingrid H. Philippens1
Identifiers and Pagination:Year: 2007
First Page: 13
Last Page: 18
Publisher Id: TOPHARMJ-1-13
Article History:Received Date: 20/08/2007
Revision Received Date: 19/09/2007
Acceptance Date: 24/09/2007
Electronic publication date: 26/10/2007
Collection year: 2007
open-access license: This is an open access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International Public License (CC-BY 4.0), a copy of which is available at: https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/legalcode. This license permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original author and source are credited.
The present medication in Parkinson’s disease (PD) is unable to stop or slow down the progression of the disease. Therefore pharmacological intervention at crucial steps in the neuronal cell death processes would be a better strategy. Cannabinoids are potent neuroprotective compounds in models of oxidative stress and excitotoxicity and offer potential protection in models of PD. Therefore the present study determines the neuroprotective effects of 9- tetrahydrocannabinol (9-THC) in the marmoset 1-methyl-4-phenyl-1,2,3,6-tetrahydropyridine (MPTP) model on behavior and pathology. Twelve marmoset monkeys were treated with a total cumulative dose of 6 mg/kg MPTP in 9 days. Seven of these animals received simultaneously a daily oral dose of 9-THC (4 mg/kg) and five animals received simultaneously vehicle for 27 days. The parkinsonian symptoms were observed daily and locomotor activity and hand-eye coordination were tested once a week during the experimental period. Postmortem, dopamine levels in the striatum were analyzed and tyrosine hydroxylase immunohistochemistry was applied to determine viable dopaminergic neurons in the substantia nigra. 9-THC has no protective effects on any parameter. These negative results might be related to the severity of the cell death induction by MPTP in relation to the low dose of 9-THC used in this Parkinson model.